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June’s top Flies to use are :-
Good flies for June when you should see plenty of fish rising early mornings, and late afternoons in to the evening!
Statistically June is the driest and sunniest month with almost no gales. Although the weather being the weather never take it for granted and always be prepared - for anything!
Early June often has unwelcome North-Easterly winds but more frequently, light westerly or south-westerly accompanied with warmer weather. However, this may lead to listless, windless days which can makes fly-fishing more difficult. Southerly winds can also lead to thunderstorms especially after long, hot spells. Falling rain can then bring the trout back on to feeding.
All fish prefer consistent weather and sudden changes are usually detrimental, but not always.
Chironomids are still their staple diet, with Olives and Black Gnats giving variety. Buzzers, especially ginger or red will be on the increase. Before long the trout will switch to feeding on caenis duns, then followed by adult sedges that hatched that morning or the previous evening as they return to the water to lay their eggs. BY mid-June they will be feeding on damsel fly nymphs as they start to leave the water to via plant stems etc ir order to transform. Their colours vary from drab brown or brown olive to olive or bright green, and are usually 20mm long or occasionally larger.
Usually starting to emerge in April, the ever popular Alder fly or nymphs. The most popular imitations for Alder nymphs are of flies like those below. It’s not important if you don’t have these exact patterns, as anything which has the same general colour, profile and size will do. Fish these flies as you would any other nymph. Use them as soon as you see the adults in the air; at anytime during daylight hours. When fishing deep use a gold headed variant or nymph pattern
The CDC (Cul De Canard) feather has wonderful floating capabilities, one of it’s best uses is in the CDC buzzer.
A deadly pattern wherever buzzers are hatching. Used on a floating line, the fly is cast out and then either wait for the trout to take the fly, cover a rise with the fly or pull the CDC under the surface of the water and allow it to resurface with the buoyancy of the CDC feathers, the latter method can have dramatic catching effects.
The black and green peacock Dry Fly is an ideal early season dry fly. It has the black and green combination that makes flies like the Viva and Montana so popular.
The hackle is clipped underneath the hook which allows the fly to sit much deeper in the water when compared to a full hackled fly.
A deadly pattern wherever dark buzzers are hatching. Use on a floating line, the fly is cast out and then either wait for the trout to take the fly, or cover a rise with the fly.
This is as effective as a CDC buzzer and is far cheaper.
Fish it deep or close in to the bank where the trout are hunting for food.
I had to pick a single fly to fish through the winter it would be a toss up between the ubiquitous Pheasant Tail Nymph and the nutritious shrimp.
Shrimps, especially during winter, are one of the staples in the Trout diet during this time of year. Just compare the shrimps to the nymphs - in fish food terms it is the difference between a T-bone steak and a cocktail sausage!
The fish will go to great lengths to find shrimps. The bright pink and orange patterns are easier to track, but try other colours too.
This fly can be deadly through summer and in to the autumn (April - September). A generic name for a variety of small flat winged terrestrials that hatch in abundance. Trout will feed avidly when they get the taste for them.
An ideal fly to use when the real insects or anything small, and black is on the water. Two versions are available, tied as a wet fly or as shown here tied as a dry fly.
If the fish are refusing the fly, and still showing interest in it, trim the under hackle to enable the fly to sit lower in or on the water. Alternatively, sometimes, dispense with floatant to use a bit of spittle to 'drown' your gnat in the surface film.
Use this fly when small buzzers and nymphs are on the water. Fish the fly on a floating line with long leader using a slow figure eight retrieve.
The Left version of this nymph uses micro UV straggle fritz for the thorax.
Whereas that on the Right has the pheasant tail fibres pulled forward over the thorax and secured down with thread. Trim the waste fibres, build a neat head, whip finish and varnish.
The Black and Green Fritz works superbly when fished using various rates of retrieve. The pattern can also be tied in a mass of colours from dark to very bright on the colour spectrum. The darker coloured fritz’s are usually fished more slowly than the lighter coloured ones.
The Black and Green Fritz is an outstanding fly in the cold winter months and my overall preferred lure during this.
Generally fished deep and close to the bottom always useful to have a few in your box.
There are many variants of the so called “Buzzer”, fishing with one on a bright sunny day can be effective.
The fly can be fished like many buzzers on either an intermediate or floating line using a very slow figure of eight retrieve. Takes can be about 2-4ft deep fished close to weed beds in shallow water. In winter this type of fly can be excellent when trout are still taking buzzers as part of their diet.
The Black Pennell is a great fly for the trout. Fish it on a floating line. By being tied small it represents a small midge. Also, tied with a plain silver body, without the body hackle, and fished about 3ft deep on a slow retrieve can be very deadly.
A really good all round lure, The black and green, black and yellow or black and red colouring makes it an ideal fly for the early season. Fish it on a floating, intermediate or sinking line at various rates of retrieve and it will still catch.
At this time of the year, a Black/Green fished on a sinking line on or near the bottom with a slow retrieve - deadly!
The Wickhams Spider also known as the Wingless Wickhams is a favourite fly. Generally the best time for this fly is spring to late summer. Different coloured head hackles can be very effective including white, grizzle, yellow and hot orange, all these variants fish well. The pattern shown has the addition of a hot orange hackle just behind the bead. It can be deadly when nothing else is taking especially in coloured or mirky water.
The fly can be fished on an intermediate line on it’s own or part of a team of two or three flies. Anything from a slow figure of eight retrieve to a “fast as you can pull” or even a roly-poly pull can be used, different days need different methods of retrieve.
The Hawthorn flies begin to appear during the first few weeks of May. Use a floating line, either as a static fly or with a slow twitch on retrieve. It is useful having a variety of Hawthorn patterns with you as different patterns will be preferred during the day. On some days, only an exact match of the Hawthorn’s size and appearance will work!
An all round lure, fish either on a floating, intermediate or sinking line at various rates of retrieve and it should still catch. It works superbly even when fished very slowly or even on the drop. Available in various colours and combinations from orange to black combo’s.
This example is tied with Straggle Fritz instead of the traditional Chenille Body, and uses a thorax of Olive Ostrich Herl to give a more pulsating movement at the head.
A very popular stillwater lure. The Dawson’s Olive is best used when trout start feeding on Damselfly nymphs. Try fishing close in to the banks where trout feed.
Use a floating line and long leader with a slow figure of eight retrieve. When used at other times of the year using an intermediate or sinking line with a varied rate of retrieve it can produce good results.
The Dawson’s Olive can be tied with different coloured marabou for the tail. Small differences in the design of the lure can prove very effective.
A simple, scruffy looking, and the scruffier the better the Fly is. Just perfect for tricky surface feeders locked onto hatching buzzers. Try fishing in the surface or up to 2” below the surface.
I’ve been practising inside for ages, finally got the hang of this fly tying malarky
All of the above are representations of various patterns of Suspended Buzzers and emergers, so any fly pattern that places a buzzer at or near the surface should be an effective fly to use.